Vitamins are essential nutrients required by the body for different purposes. There are many different vitamins with different properties.
Vitamin A : Vitamin A helps in making bones healthy, improves vision, reproductive health and helps in keeping your skin healthy. It not only aids cell division but helps in regulating your immune system. Milk, carrot, spinach, all dark vegetables, cereals, dark fruits etc are main source of vitamin A. Irregular and inappropriate supply of Vitamin A can lead to infections or even blindness.
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) : It is a water soluble vitamin that helps in digesting the carbohydrates in the food. It keeps your muscles and heart stable and helps in their smooth functioning. Whole grains, peanuts, vegetables, dried yeast etc are major source of Vitamin B1. Deficiency of Thiamine can lead to beriberi disease.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) : This vitamin helps in the production of red blood cells and antibodies in the human body. It also helps in regulating human growth as well as reproduction. It is found mainly in green leafy vegetables, milk and wheat germ.
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) : Main function of this vitamin is to convert the food to energy. In other words, it helps the body cells to use the energy in the food. It also helps in proper functioning of the brain and keeps the nervous system healthy. Avocados, all whole wheat products, peanuts, brewers yeast etc are major sources of Vitamin B3.
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid) : This vitamin makes the white blood cells strong and they avoid your hair getting grey.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) : This vitamin helps in balancing the hormonal changes that takes place inside women; it helps in manufacturing of hemoglobin and new cells, regulates and improves the functioning of immune system. Helps in controlling the person’s behavior, their mood and sex drive. Vegetables, bananas, whole grain products and nuts are some of the major sources.
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) : It is required in very small quantity in the body but still it is very important. It is required because folic acid works effectively in the presence of this vitamin. It is found mostly in non veg foods and milk products. Long term deficiency of vitamin B12 can lead to brain damage or anaemia.
Vitamin B17 (Amygdalin) : This vitamin may be helpful in preventing some particular type of cancers. This is basically obtained from seeds of papaya and core of apricot.
Vitamin C : Vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin and is vital for strong teeth as well as bones in the body. It also makes blood vessels strong, prevents and reduces the effect of allergy creating substances, helps decreasing cholesterol level in blood and makes your wounds heal quicker. Due to water soluble nature, it needs to be consumed daily. Tomatoes, citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables are major sources of vitamin C.
Vitamin D : It helps the body to use the calcium properly. Calcium helps in proper functioning of nervous system as well as helps in building strong teeth and bones. This vitamin is made inside the body as well as can be consumed externally. Sunlight is big source of this vitamin. Deficiency of this vitamin can lead to bone diseases in children.
Vitamin E : It works as an antioxidant and have wound treating capabilities. It plays a vital role in the formation of red blood cells. Wheat germ, green leafy vegetables, nuts and avocados are main source of vitamin E.
This vitamin helps in producing healthy blood. It helps in formation of a particular chemical in blood that is responsible for clotting and thus helps in stopping excess bleeding from a wound or cut on the skin. Safflower oil, kelp, soya bean oil, yoghurt, alfalfa, leafy green vegetables are major sources of this vitamin.